Welfare of a guide dog
Firstly, you should consider if it is appropriate to travel with your dog. Are you planning to work your dog during your travels, and if so, are you prepared for the environments you will be using?
While you are entitled to travel with your dog to most countries, the rules that are in place relate to a working dog, so you should have your dog’s harness, jacket, identification tag and documentation with you at all times.
Guide Dogs advises that you get a veterinary examination for your guide or assistance dog, before undertaking an international journey. This should be done to ensure the dog is fit to travel and is unlikely to become ill during the trip.
You should think about veterinary care for your dog when travelling, especially if your dog becomes ill on your journey. As you will be charged for veterinary care for your dog while away, you may also think about suitable insurance for your dog, which will cover things like veterinary care, an extended time away if your dog becomes ill, and repatriation of your dog in the case of your dog returning to the UK after your return.
You need to be aware of the potential language barrier you may have to overcome with regard to veterinary support for your dog when away.
You should consider what situations on your journey may cause stress for you and your dog, and how you might reduce or eliminate them.
- Working your dog in an unfamiliar environment
- Working your dog in an environment less accessible than what you or your dog are used to at home
- Breaking your dog’s normal routine
- Working your dog in a different climate than at home
- Using transport your dog is unfamiliar with
- Staying in accommodation different from your home environment
- Your expectations of your dog in an unfamiliar environment
You need to be aware of specific disease risks for your dog that may be present in the country you are visiting and consider how these might be reduced. You should discuss these with your veterinary surgeon before you leave the UK.
Before leaving the UK, you should plan all stages of the journey, including your return to the UK. There are a number of rules and regulations that you and your dog will have to comply with including:
- The European Pet Travel Scheme
- Documentation to satisfy your transport provider that you are travelling with a recognised guide or assistance dog
- Routes where your dog is permitted to travel
- Transport you are permitted to use with your dog
- Places on transport where your dog is permitted to be with you
- The rules related to accommodation and dogs in the country you are visiting
- The rules and regulations regarding dogs in general, and more specifically, assistance dogs in the country you are visiting
- Your rights as a disabled person in the country you are visiting
- Your access to veterinary support during your journey and especially prior to your return to the UK
- Access to food for your dog
- Contingencies for disrupted plans and alternative routes
You need to ensure your dog is well groomed (bathed if necessary) before and during your travels, to reduce things like your dog’s coat shedding, as your dog will be in close proximity to other passengers.
Sedating your dog for any of the journey is not recommended.
You are advised to consider when, where and how you plan to feed your dog prior to travel, and on the journey. You may be restricted as to when you should or can feed your dog, dependent upon the type of transport you are taking and the length of travel, (a dog's total digestive process is more rapid than in humans: 12- 30 hours).
- You are advised to give your dog a small feed - at least 12 hours prior to travel
- If your dog is taking a long haul flight, food can be withheld for up to 24 hours if necessary
- Avoid giving your dog salty snacks, which will increase your dog’s thirst
You should be aware that products containing meat and meat-based dog food/treats may not be taken into the country you are visiting or taken back to the UK on your return.
You are advised to give your dog an opportunity to relieve itself several times on its preferred surface prior to entering any secured area if travelling by air, sea or international rail. You should be aware that usually, once at the airport/port/station, your dog will only have access to concrete relief areas and will have to relieve itself while on the lead.
If you are travelling by road (coach/car) offer your dog the chance to relieve itself at each scheduled stop, or every 2 to 3 hours if possible. Most service stations have grass areas, and you should ensure you clear up after your dog and dispose of its waste correctly.
If you are travelling by rail, try to establish appropriate places to relieve your dog prior to travel and where changes between trains occur, you may want to factor your journey to include a suitable break between rail journeys.
You should consider carrying equipment for your dog, including:
- Plastic bags, absorbent granules and cleaning wipes just in case your dog is taken short or becomes ill on your journey
- Bottled water (where possible), a resealable water container, appropriate snacks for long journeys and a portable food bowl
- A fleece/vet bed for your dog to lie on during your journey, and at your place of residence while away
On longer or more stressful journeys, you could consider placing incontinence pads under your dog’s fleece to help with accidents if they occur. In some situations like long haul flights, the airline may insist on you providing a dog fleece and incontinence pad as a prerequisite of you flying with your dog.
You should not restrict access to water for your dog at any time, however you may want to think about the amount of water your dog has access to and how you provide it. You may wish to consider ice cubes as an alternative. You also need to be aware that you may be limited or restricted in taking water through security checks, so may have to purchase water in the departure area of a port or once you are on your mode of transport.
When you have arrived at your destination, you should consider establishing new feeding and spending regimes for your dog, especially if you have travelled to a different time zone or are planning activities which will impact on the normal routine.
It is vitally important that you observe guidelines for disease prevention specifically for the country or continent you are visiting. Much of the regulation in place for dogs is to control issues for public health, however it is just as important to consider your dog’s wellbeing when travelling. Many countries have diseases not found in the UK or Europe.