Living with strabismus
Strabismus is a common childhood eye condition, occurring in about 2% of children (Source: Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine).
A squint is often spotted first by parents who notice their child's crossed eyes. It's natural to worry if your child is diagnosed with strabismus because it can lead to complications such as a lazy eye. As it's often noticeable to other people, children can also feel self-conscious about having such a visible difference.
Fortunately, early diagnosis and treatment can be very effective, and your child could have an excellent quality of life with no lasting loss of vision due to strabismus. Even people who develop a squint for the first time as adults can have treatment.
Managing your squint
After diagnosis, there are various treatment options for correcting a squint. Children may need encouragement and support while being treated for strabismus. Just as having eyes that look in different directions can make them feel self-conscious, treatments such as wearing glasses and using an eye patch (to correct a lazy eye caused by strabismus) can be tricky for children to adjust to.
Your child's optician should help you choose glasses frames that are the right fit for your child. Ensuring they're comfortable will make it easier for your child to wear them. Involving your child in the choice can help them towards accepting them. Praise and encourage your child for wearing them, especially at school and during active times such as doing sport and playing with friends.
If your child is a bit older, they may have eye exercises to practise at home. Also known as 'orthoptic vision therapy', this aims to improve eye movement control by exercising eye muscle control.
Driving with strabismus
Your eyesight must meet the DVLA's minimum required standard to drive. Many people with strabismus will have good enough vision for driving. Even if you have amblyopia, if the vision is good enough in your other eye, you may be able to drive.
The exception to this is when a squint causes double vision (diplopia). Having double vision means you see two images at once, making it unsafe for you to drive. You have to tell the DVLA if you have an eye condition that affects your driving, including double vision. If your ophthalmologist can help you get the double vision under control, for example, by treating your squint with prism eyeglasses, you may be able to drive. It can take time to adjust to these, so speak to your eye doctor for advice before driving again.
Can you work with a squint?
With early diagnosis and treatment, complications and vision problems like a lazy eye can be prevented. This means it shouldn't impact your ability to do a wide range of jobs, just as for people without strabismus.
If strabismus causes vision problems in adulthood, you may find adjustments at work can help you make the most of your vision. Many tools and tips can help, for example, assistive technology and visual aids.
People who develop a squint for the first time as adults may need some time off work to adjust to symptoms of strabismus such as double vision and for treatment such as corrective surgery. It's often a good idea to tell your employer about your condition and the support you need. Under the Equality Act, employers must support staff with vision problems.
Strabismus help and support
You or your child will probably be referred to an orthoptist, a specialist in hospital eye clinics. Orthoptists are very experienced in assessing children's sight and often prescribe treatment, such as giving eye exercises. You can ask them for advice about supporting your child or helping your child understand their condition and treatment.
You or your child will probably also see an ophthalmologist - a hospital eye specialist - for diagnosis and treatment such as corrective surgery.
Frequently asked questions
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The Royal College of Ophthalmologists champions excellence in the practice of ophthalmology and is the only professional membership body for medically qualified ophthalmologists. The RCOphth is unable to offer direct advice to patients. If you’re concerned about the health of your eyes, you should seek medical advice from your GP, optometrist or ophthalmologist.